Germany 

Timeline. Through history.

If we don’t understand the past, how can we understand our present and future? To truly absorb, appreciate, and reflect on the country we are visiting, we need to look at pivotal moments in history. Begin your journey through the ages now.

  • Jewish timeline
  • General timeline

  • 1462 Frankfurt: Jews locked up at night
    1500 Berlin Blood Libel 30-50 Jews burnt at stake
    1669 50 Jews allowed to live in Berlin
    1743 Moses Mendelssohn entered Berlin
    1819 Reform Judaism
    1840-1870 over 170,000 Jews immigrated to the United States
  • 1871 German Empire after unifying states
  • 1880s over 170,000 Jews in Berlin: 8th largest Jewish community
  • 1882 Triple Alliance: Germany, Austria, Italy
  • 1911 12 of 20 wealthiest people in Berlin are Jewish
    1914 52% of Berlin physicians are Jewish
  • 1914-1918 World War I 1.2 Million men died
    January 1933 Hitler elected Chancellor
    November 1933 33% of citizens voted for Nazis
    November 1938 Kristallnacht – over 1,000 synagogues burnt
    Sep. 1, 1939 Germany invades Poland
    May 7, 1945 End of World War II, 45 million people dead
  • 1945 about 6,000 Jews from Berlin survived
  • 1948-1949 Berlin Blockade
    1949 Bonn is the capital of West Germany
    November 1989 Berlin Wall torn down, Germany united
  • 2005 Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe
    2014 Jews are approximately 0.3% of total population: about
    200,000 mostly Russian-speaking origin  
 

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